Industrial History

The region has an ore mining tradition that reaches back more than 2000 years – thanks to the local geology. The extraction, waste prevention, and trade of iron ore as well as the significance of the district as the "Ruhr District of the Middle Ages" is history now, but it marked the region and left traces everywhere: for example, the Hammerherren palaces, such as those in Theuern or Schmidmühlen, the old ore mines of Maffeischächte near Auerbach or the Maxhütte in Sulzbach-Rosenberg. The Erzweg (Ore Trail), a peak trail, and the Bavarian Eisenstraße (Iron Street) combine these testimonials to the coal and steel and industrial history. In the area around Freihung, you can find Europe's largest deposit of lead. Experience live mining in the "Land of the White Earth", the largest china clay deposit in Germany in the Hirschau/Schnaittenbach region. Here, this mineral valuable for paper and porcelain production is mined in great pits. Two geological bike tours combine unique geotopes, mining relics and active mining facilities.

Mining Museum Theuern

Bergbau- und Industriemuseum
Kultur-Schloss Theuern
Portnerstraße 1
92245 Kümmersbruck
Tel.: 09621 / 39-7930

Mining Museum Auerbach

91275 Auerbach
Tel.: 09643 / 2049573

Nature reserve Leonie

Naturschutzgebiet Leonie
91275 Auerbach
Former iron ore mining site

Mining tunnels

Villa Max
92237 Sulzbach-Rosenberg
Tours only after registration:
09661 /510-110

Mining hikingtrail

Start: Parkinglot below Annaberg
92237 Sulzbach-Rosenberg


92237 Sulzbach-Rosenberg
Open for special dates:
Former residual waste landfill of Maxhütte

Geopark Kaolinrevier

GeoPark Kaolinrevier Hirschau-Schnaittenbach
Start: Monte Kaolino
Wolfgang-Droßbach-Straße 114
92242 Hirschau
Tel.: 09622 / 81-0

"Neukirchner Gelb"

49.533402, 11.624306
92259 Neukirchen
Former Ochre mine