Industrial history

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Montane history

The region has an ore mining tradition that reaches back more than 2000 years – thanks to the local geology. The extraction, waste prevention, and trade of iron ore as well as the significance of the district as the "Ruhr District of the Middle Ages" is history now, but it marked the region and left traces everywhere: for example, the Hammerherren palaces, such as those in Theuern or Schmidmühlen, the old ore mines of Maffeischächte near Auerbach or the Maxhütte in Sulzbach-Rosenberg.

The Erzweg (Ore Trail), a peak trail, and the Bavarian Eisenstraße (Iron Street) combine these testimonials to the coal and steel and industrial history. In the area around Freihung, you can find Europe's largest deposit of lead. Experience live mining in the "Land of the White Earth", the largest china clay deposit in Germany in the Hirschau/Schnaittenbach region. Here, this mineral valuable for paper and porcelain production is mined in great pits. Two geological bike tours combine unique geotopes, mining relics and active mining facilities.

Bergbaumuseum Theuern

Mining and Industry Museum
Kultur-Schloss Theuern
Portnerstraße 1
92245 Kümmersbruck
Tel.: 09621 / 39-7930

Bergbaumuseum Maffei

91275 Auerbach
Tel.: 09643 / 2049573

Grube Leonie

Nature reserve Leonie
91275 Auerbach
Former mining site for iron ore

Schaustollen Max

Villa Max
92237 Sulzbach-Rosenberg
Guided tour by prior arrangement only:
09661 /510-110


Start: Parking lot below Annaberg
92237 Sulzbach-Rosenberg
Marking: Hammer & blows


92237 Sulzbach-Rosenberg
Accessible only on certain dates:
Former waste disposal site of the Maxhütte

GeoPark Kaolinrevier

Start: Monte Kaolino
Wolfgang-Droßbach-Straße 114
92242 Hirschau
Tel.: 09622 / 81-0

Neukirchner Gelb

49.533402, 11.624306
92259 Neukirchen
Former ochre mine

Grand Canyon
of the Oberpfalz

Quartz sand pit of the Strobel company Quarzsand GmbH
92274 Gebenbach